Pathology Service Improvement


UK Learning NHS Trust provides emergency and non-emergency services to East Surrey, NorthEast West Sussex and South Croydon. East Surrey Hospital, Redhill has 697 beds, and there are a range of outpatient, diagnostic and planned services at The Earlswood Centre, Caterham Dene Hospital and Oxted Health Centre in Surrey, and at Crawley Hospital and Horsham in West Sussex. In total there are circa 3,500 staff, with an annual budget of £300m.

The trust needed to reduce overall costs, as they had overspent by £20,000,000. They faced issues with processing samples and routine maintenance of analysers in the haematology and microbiology processing laboratories. Due to shift patterns and staff availability, this significantly impacted capacity.

The reception staff felt overworked and felt that sample delivery in the late afternoon was a problem due to cross-functional problems with the facilities department that owned the delivery and collection process. Additionally, there were issues with sample expedition from wards to the specimen reception by the porters. Many improvement initiatives had been tried, with limited success due to lack of involvement from the specimen reception staff, who felt these measures were imposed without their input.


At first glance, the Pathology department appeared well organised and effective in the way they were processing samples through the specimen reception, however upon closer inspection, several issues were found.

The workload in the afternoon was excessive due to late delivery of samples from the local GP and clinics in the surrounding area. The hospital’s own A&E had many issues on the prioritisation of emergency samples. Pathology reception staff were working well beyond contracted hours in order to process samples.

Additionally, porters were collecting samples from wards and delaying delivery to specimen reception by up to 2 hours, leading to degradation of blood samples.

The layout of the reception area did not have a logical process flow. Items and benches were positioned in available space, rather than considering the flow of the samples.

The booking in area was in a remote location in another room, which led to extra batching of samples to achieve an economical quantity that could be transported to reduce walking backwards and forwards.

Collection routes for facilities department were not matched to the times the pathology department was available for processing samples. The driver’s routes were arranged around breaks and lunchtimes, with a final return drop off at 16:00 to coincide with the end of the driver’s shift. This led to uneven workflow and staff waiting for drop-offs. As a result, centrifuges were under-utilised and sat idle for extended periods waiting for the next bulk batch of samples to be delivered.


The specimen reception area was assessed and ways to improve the flow and expedition of samples through the area were planned. The area was rearranged according to these specifications.

A prioritisation system for samples was introduced to the A&E department of the hospital in order to address the issues around this area that slowed down the delivery of samples.

In order to work better with both internal changes (such as driver timetables being moved) and external factors (eg. GP opening times), and as a result of the improvements in productivity, staff timetables were adjusted.

Impact on Performance